## Lesson Planning

Realizing the importance of a lesson is necessary as it the first and most lengthy part of the planning for

a certain problem. If there are a problem and solution is not completely thought through, then changes

are made in between the processes which can be costly and inefficient. While on the other hand, if a

problem is properly analyzed and the planning phase is worked upon and all possible scenarios have

been thought through, the goal can be achieved easily and with fewer resources.

## Planning the structure

Lesson planning helps the teacher structure the syllabus in such a way that they can be easily the

student. It reduces the burden for both the student and teacher. The teacher knows which topics they

will be teaching on a certain day, so s/he can prepare the required material for that day. The importance

of the lesson plan is there because if the teacher doesn’t plan how to teach the students. They might

end up burdening the students with so much workload that they won’t be able to understand the

lesson. While if the teacher doesn’t plan properly, the children might end up learning only a small

portion of what was the original objective of the class. Either of the results would be bad, there needs to

be a balance of structure of course in such a way that the children are neither burdened nor left so

work-free that they learn nothing. Structuring a course would mean planning the lesson in smaller parts

in such a way that one part builds on another.

For example, if the teacher wants to teach basic

arithmetic operations to the students, the teacher needs to work step by step. First, the teacher needs

to teach addition and how they carry is taken from unit places to tens. Once the kids have a grasp on

dealing with numbers, they can easily move towards other operations. Similarly, planning the structure

of the syllabus can make it easier for the teacher and students equally. When the students are at ease,

they will find it easier to recognize their strengths and weaknesses. At the same time, when the teachers

are less stressed by the work, they can help the students work on their weaknesses. It will create a

healthy and durable bond between the students, which will positive for both the students and the

teachers. Through this bond, a student finds it easier to set academic goals for their lives as the teacher

share their own experience of how they became so academically accomplished.

## Planning the method

After planning out the structure of how much to teach in a time, the teacher needs to plan the teaching

method to employ. The importance of the selection of proper teaching methods is almost the same as

the importance of the lesson plan. The teaching method for children would be much different than the

method of teaching college or university students. One of the best teaching methods is relating to

analogies with real life.

The lesson can be made much simpler by relating a regular day example that

every student has experienced or at least understands. For example, in terms of teaching the concept of

digital messaging the teacher can use the example of letter delivery. To deliver a letter from person A,

the person needs to write a letter and send the letter through the post to person B. Now the teacher

can move to the original idea of how the two different people send messages through the internet and

how the whole internet mechanics work. It helps all students to tune into the same idea and makes it

easier for them to understand a complex problem. Using analogies is just one of the teaching methods,

the teacher can also use demonstration through act or by drawing on the whiteboard. The teacher

needs to assess which teaching method would be most effective. If most of the class shows interest in

written work, the teacher should employ the use of whiteboard so the student can take notes and revise

them before any test or quiz. While if the students are inclined toward more interactive learning, the

teacher should make open questions against the topic from the students and encourage participation.

This will help students to develop personal skills and the ability to speak up. This method gives

confidence to the students and making them vocal about their opinion on the topic at hand. Method of

teaching is not always meant to teach the given topic to the students, it also defines other skills that one

should have in an academic career.

## Keeping the goal in mind

Another part of lesson planning is remembering the aim and objectives of the class. Recognizing our

goals is easier when we keep some distinct and simple questions in our minds. Some of those questions

are; what level of understanding those people need to have for the given topic or what should the

students be capable of after the lecture ends? Keeping such queries in mind helps the teacher to plan

the lesson in such a way that students are not only able to understand the lessons but also the

application it has in lives.

The teacher should make tests and quizzes after a few lectures to make sure

that the children are understanding what they are teaching them in the classes. This helps the teacher to

assess which students are paying attention in classes and which are being non-serious about their

studies. The students cannot only be divided into these two categories, many students keep trying but

fail to understand the lesson. Again, the method or structure needs modifying for the children so they

can catch up with other students. Keeping the statistics of the scores of the students can help the

teacher in modifying the lesson plan, accordingly, making it better for the future batches of students.

The teacher should always have the end in their mind of what skill set and ability the students must have

at the end of the course. They can do this by planning every class agenda, so they can determine what is

the pace at which the class can learn. The teacher should also set up office hours in such a way that if a

student is unable to understand a part of a topic, they can drop by them in their office timings and learn

them correctly.

## Conclusion

Pakistan is one of those countries where the importance of lesson planning is not stressed enough. If we

want to improve as a nation and progress as fast as other developing nations, we need to develop

proper lesson plans for our teacher to follow so they can teach the children effectively. When the

teacher starts the teacher properly, the students will become more capable of filling important

vacancies that we have in our industry and government. It is a process which going to improve as we

create more capable and accomplished people as our leaders, then they will make better policies which

will make the process easier and better for the newer generation. Only then will we be able to flourish

and grow as a nation and keep up with the growing world.